https://bit.ly/37ipQt9 — online burials catalog.
Babi Yar is a tract on the southwestern outskirts of the Ukrainian capital, which has become one of the symbols of the Holocaust in Europe. The name is found in written sources since the 15th century.According to the 1939 census, 224,000 Jews lived in Kyiv. With the outbreak of hostilities, some of the Kyiv Jews ended up at the fronts, and some left the city along with the retreating troops.There is no exact data on the number of Jews remaining in the city. The Nazis occupied Kyiv on September 19, 1941. In the very first days, the hunt for Jews began. German soldiers caught Jews in the streets and beat them.At the end of September 1941, the invaders throughout the city posted announcements that on September 29 Jews should appear with documents, warm clothes and valuables at the corner of Melnikovskaya and Dokterivskaya streets for registration. In addition, rabbis and janitors with house managers were used for notification.Babi Yar was not chosen as the location for the extermination aktion by chance. There were many ditches here, and the executioners did not need to dig graves. In addition, the site is located far from the city center and no shots were heard.In two days, September 29 and 30, 1941, the Nazis shot more than 33,700 Jews. According to German documents, the executioners counted on the arrival of five or six thousand Jews, but more than 30 thousand arrived. The organization of the aktion was considered “extremely clever”.According to historians, by order of the invaders, about a third of Kyiv Jews did not appear in Babi Yar, but over the next two weeks, all those who were hiding were identified thanks to the cooperation of the local population with the invaders. The so-called “shmaltsovshchiki” appeared in the city — people who took payments from Jewish acquaintances for not reporting them to the authorities. When the Jews ran out of money and valuables, the “shmaltsovshchiki” reported them to the police.By October 11, 1941, in Kyiv, the Nazis destroyed almost the entire Jewish population. The Ukrainian capital became one of the first cities in Europe where the Nazis applied the Judenfrei policy in practice.The shootings at Babi Yar continued throughout the occupation of Kyiv. In addition to Jews, the Nazis killed gypsies, psychiatric patients, and prisoners of war in the ravine. In total, according to historians, more than 150 thousand people died in Babi Yar.After the war, the tragedy was hushed up, and the authorities turned Babi Yar into a spontaneous dump. Locals carried out excavations here in the hope of unearthing Jewish gold crowns.